What are Chemical Peels?

What are Chemical Peels?

Superficial and Very Superficial Peels

Superficial peels penetrate only the uppermost layers of the skin, causing a faster turnover of skin cells to improve the appearance of the skin. They are often described as lunch time peels or advanced facials because they usually cause no redness of the skin at all and feel just like getting a normal facial, with a bit of tingling! They can address pigmentation, fine lines, pores and comedonal acne depending on which type is used. They can also improve the appearance of fine acne scarring. A series of treatments is required, and the frequency depends on the peel type, typically intervals of two to four weeks are recommended and four to six peels may be required to achieve the desired result. We have a range of superficial skin peels at Clinetix including the signature facial and ZO Red Carpet peel, which are suitable for all skin types as a general rejuvenating treatment, or specific peels such as lactic, salicylic or glycolic for conditions such as acne, dryness or pigmentation.

Medium Peels

Medium peels affect a deeper layer of the epidermis than the superficial peel, and so cause some reddening of the skin with shedding or flaking over a few days to a week depending on the peel type. They address the same issues as the superficial peels, but to a greater extent. So they are better at addressing fine lines, pigmentation and have a greater effect on collagen synthesis, leading to a firmer more tones skin after treatment. Generally fewer treatments are required to reach the desired result, so if you are prepared to have a few days of flaking and shedding, and are looking for a faster result then medium peels would be an option for you. Clinetix offer Jessner’s Peels, TCA and combined medium depth peels. The choice depends on the desired outcome and your Doctor will be able to advice you as to which peels would be the best depending on your own personal situation.

Deep Peels

Deep peels effect the dermis, the layer of skin beneath the epidermis. They can have amazing results as they literally cause an almost complete regrowth of skin, however they have a much longer downtime and are painful if not performed under an anaesthetic. The most common deep peel used worldwide is a Phenol Peel. We do not perform this peel at Clinetix as we prefer to use Laser Resurfacing to acheive the same level of skin rejuvenation, however we can discuss the pro’s and con’s of all treatments with you and are happy to refer you on should you wish to consider a Phenol Peel.

I have dark skin. Is a chemical peel suitable for me?

Darker skin types are generally more prone to problems such as excess pigmentation following chemical peels, and for that reason medium and deep peels are not often performed. Superficial peels with mandelic acid however have been found to be very effective in improving skin quality and reducing pigmentation in darker skin types and this treatment is performed at Clinetix.

How can I get the best result from my chemical peel treatments?

It is always advised to prepare the skin before treatments and maintain a good skin care program after the treatments. You will be advised to use a high factor SPF for at least two weeks before treatment, as this will reduce the likelihood of pigmentation problems after the treatment. A cleanser and moisturiser with an alpha hydroxy acid is also usually prescribed, as regular use will smooth the skin and thin the upper dead layer allowing for a more even penetration of the peel solution. This results in a more uniform improvement in the skin after treatment. Retinol skin care products are often also prescribed for the same reason. If you suffer from pigmentation you would also benefit from a pre treatment skin lightening product such as hydroquinone or kojic acid. A complete skin care program will be discussed with you when you have a consultation for a chemical peel treatment at Clinetix.

Are there any risks involved in chemical peel treatments?

As with all medical procedures there is an element of risk. Generally the deeper the peel the greater the risks. Superficial peels are very safe and complications very rare, hence their popularity. The main risks of chemical peel treatments are redness, increased pigmentation, blistering, and extremely rarely infection and scarring. The risks are reduced when you follow a prescribed pre and post treatment skin care program and when you have your peel performed by an experienced practitioner.


If you have any questions about chemical peel treatments or would like to discuss your skin care concerns with a member of our team, please get in touch by telephone on 01412210229, or you can contact us through our contact page here.