ZO Skincare Home Routine


I’m here to change the way you think of skin and skin care!

Hi there lovely ladies and gents,

As Christmas is fast approaching its time to get your skin ready for the party season ahead. When it comes to results its all about your core home care routine! A lot of my client’s say they don’t have enough time or they’re too “lazy” when it comes to using products at home but it doesn’t have to be hard work. Today I’m going to discuss a simple beginners ZO Skincare home routine which can be the start to healthy, glowing skin.


Step One – Cleanse… the right way!

Step away from the make up wipes, they are a curse word in my book. A lot of the make up remover wipes on the market have a high alcohol content so dry and dehydrate the skin. Also they do not thoroughly remove your make up so you need something that will fully remove unnecessary oils, make up and the build up of the day from your skin.


ZO Exfoliating Cleanser part of a ZO Skincare Home Routine - Clinetix Rejuvenation, Glasgow, ScotlandI recommended ZO Exfoliating Cleanser.
This cleanser includes both a physical and chemical exfoliation leaving the skin deeply cleansed. ZO’s Exfoliating Cleanser sets itself apart as it includes something called an AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) – Salicylic to be exact. Without being too boring ladies and gents it will aid the removal of dead skin cells whilst purging the skin of congestion and refining pores size.


Getting excited yet? So what would you rather? A dehydrating make up wipe or a deeply cleansing bottle of fabulousness!
Top Tip – Keep in the shower for on the go cleansing morning or night!


Step Two – Ditch the toner – you’re not a printer!

A massive misconception in skin care is using a toner. Now don’t get me wrong there are slight benefits such as making sure there is no residue of make up left and they do sometimes leave the skin feeling a little fresher but if you spend that little extra time cleansing you’ve already removed all that make up and you should be feeling fresh as a daisy!


So what to using after cleansing? ZO T-E Pads of course.
ZO T-E Pads part of a ZO Skincare Home Routine - Clinetix Rejuvenation, Glasgow, ScotlandNow every skin type young or old needs T-E pads in there life. Why? I hear you ask. Well imagine you have a layer of dead cells on the surface of the skin like most people do. You then apply your fab products you just purchased on top of those pesky dead cells and guess what? That product that helps with fine lines and wrinkles or the serum that will help with over production of oil won’t go anywhere near as deep because of that layer of dead cells on the surface of the skin that it has to fight with to get anywhere.


The answer to your problem is T-E Pads!
These pads help to enhance product penetration by aiding the removal of dead cells on the surface of the skin. As well as this they control oil imbalance, restore PH and soothe dry skin. Winner!
Top Tip – Keep them by the bed for quick application before hitting the sack.


Step Three – Correction

ZO Daily Power Defence part of a ZO Skincare Home Routine - Clinetix Rejuvenation, Glasgow, ScotlandSo now that you have fully prepped your skin you have a beautiful blank canvas to work on. Step forward Mr Daily Power Defence (we call him DPD for short). This is your corrective/active product and your first introduction to Retinol or Vitamin A. Every skin condition and routine needs a Retinol aspect for best results. Nearly all my clients have some sort of Retinol in there home care and here is why:
  • Repairs DNA
  • Stimulates Collagen and Elastin
  • Softens fine line and wrinkles
  • Balances Oil production
  • Helps even out pigmentation
Need I go on? As well as this added antioxidants fight against free radical damage that breaks down skin natural barrier. So this serum is a all round crowd pleaser.


Step Four – Finally a moisturising SPF

ZO Smart Tone SPF part of a ZO Skincare Home Routine - Clinetix Rejuvenation, Glasgow, ScotlandDouble up ! A good moisturiser should contain a SPF of 30 or above, ideally the higher the factor the longer the protection. Many people think that unless it’s sunny they don’t need to wear any sun protection… NO NO NO stop where you are and put on that sun block! Everyday UV damage is the biggest contributor to pigmentation and premature ageing. If you apply a daily SPF, you are stopping the UV rays damaging your skin thus slowing the ageing process.


As my gran said ‘prevention is better than cure’ so save yourself time and money buy protecting your skin now! ZO Smart tone SPF 50 is probably one of our biggest sellers in the clinic due to the light consistency, moisturising properties and its unique micro pigments that adapt to any skin tone giving a more even appearance.
Top Tip – Acts as a great primer before make up.


So if I’ve kept you interested and you’ve read down to the end then you’ll now be a convert to my core ZO Skincare home routine… well hopefully. If you would like myself or one of the other aestheticians to create a bespoke skincare home routine for you then contact the clinics on 0141 221 0229 (West End) or 01698 854 221 (Bothwell) and book an appointment.


Clinetix Rejuvenation Resident ZO expert Erin SmaleErin x


(This is an article about the differences between BOTOX, BOCOUTURE and Azzalure, the three types of Botulinum Toxin Type A available for cosmetic use in the UK.  For information about wrinkle relaxing treatments at Clinetix please click here)

In the UK patients commonly ask for BOTOX injections for treatment for their lines and wrinkles.  BOTOX itself is the brand name for a specific form of the medicine, rather than the name of the medicine itself which is called Botulinum Toxin Type A (often abbreviated to BonTA)
BOTOX was the first Botulinum Toxin to be licensed for cosmetic use to treat glabella lines and is therefore probably the most well known, however other Botulinum Toxin Products are also available, It’s a bit similar to Hoover being synonymous with a vacuum cleaner, when Hoover is just one company that makes a vacuum cleaner.

So is there any difference between them, does it matter which brand is used

In one sentence, yes there are slight differences and no, it does not matter which brand is used.

Firstly all the forms contain the active medicine, Botulinum Toxin Type A.  This medicine is a biologically active medicine made by a process called fermentation.  It is produced by a bacteria (clostridium botulinum) and each company that produces the medicine uses the same strain of the bacteria, meaning the active part is identical between different formulations.  The differences between them are in the manufacturing process that extracts and purifies the medicine, and in the excipients (other added ingredients) in the finished product.

I’ll explain how Botulinum Toxin works in nature.  What we currently use as a medical therapeutic agent was historically known for causing food poisoning, botulism.  This is because the bacteria could survive in preserved foods and be eaten by a human host.  The toxin then produced by the bacteria would be absorbed by the human gut and produce it’s effect  (muscle weakness, paralysis and ultimately death of the host).  Now this organism is something that has co-evolved with mammals for millions of years and has evolved mechanisms to allow this process to take place.  The human gut is an acidic environment and full of enzymes.  The effect of the human gut environment is not just to break down food into smaller molecules for digestion but also to protect the human from pathogenic organisms (bacteria that can cause disease).  Most bacteria we accidentally swallow will get broken down and destroyed by the acid and enzymes.

So as the clostridium botulinum has co-evolved with us it has evolved it’s own processes to overcome the human gut.  The active molecule or drug that has it’s effect is only a small part of the toxin that is excreted by the bacteria.  The toxin complex is a mixture of the active component, surrounded by a larger number of non active proteins.  These proteins in nature act to allow the active component to survive the process of ingestion and digestion and thus the active part can reach the bloodstream undamaged.

Lets get back to the differences between the medicines, I mentioned that it is related to the manufacturing process and purification process.  What that means is the different brands, whilst having the same active component, have different amounts of the non active proteins mixed in.

The amount of the additional proteins can be measured in terms of the weight of a complex, the complex being the active molecule and its associated protiens.

For BOTOX the complex weighs  900 kD (kD stands for kilodalton, which is a measure of weight used for molecules)

For Azzaulre the medicine seems to be a combination of two different complex sizes, one of 600 kD and one of 300 kD

Bocouture weighs in at 150 kD, this is the weight of the active component itself meaning that the Bocouture preparation has no additional complexing proteins in the mix, containing only the active compound.

The other difference other than the amount of actual protein, or biological material in the vial is the excipients.  These are other things added to the vial to help maintain the stability of the medicine before it is reconstituted and injected.

BOTOX has added Human Albumin and Sodium Chloride, BOCOUTURE contains Human Albumin and Sucrose, whilst Azzalure contains Human Albumin and Lactose Monohydrate.

None of the excipients have any medical or biological activity.

So there are the differences, what about the similarities?  There have been numerous studies performed to assess the differences between the different preparations, and there is the wealth of anecdotal evidence collected as expert opinion from doctors who have performed thousands of treatments.  The duration of effect has been studied, the side effect profile, the spread, the diffusion, patient and practitioner satisfaction.  So far no signifiant reproducible difference in the clinical effect between all three preparations has been identified.

Final Summary!

For the patient, there is no significant clinical difference between the formulations, they are all good! The important thing is to make sure your practitioner is familiar with the the formulation they are currently using.  At Clinetix we have experience with all three formulations and currently use mainly BOCOUTURE as the fact it has less protein means it is theoretically less likely to cause a reaction (unlikely and uncommon with all preparations), we are happy to use another preparation at the patients request however.

If you would like to know more about the products we use at Clinetix contact us here or on info@clinetix.co.uk


Content of Botulinum Neurotoxin in Botox / Vistabel, Disport / Azzaulre, and Xeomin/Bocouture. Jurgen Frevert, Drugs R D, 2010 jul; 10(2) 67-73

Jane Iredale now available at Clinetix

Jane Iredale Mineral Makeup at Clinetix

Clinetix are excited to announce that we have changed our makeup range to Jane Iredale. Jane Iredale believe that the most beautiful cosmetic you can wear is healthy skin which is why everything she develops is a true extension of skin care. The Jane Iredale range is free from parabens, fillers, synthetic dyes and artificial fragrances.

Jane Iredale makeup is unique as it offers:

  • Unparalleled range of products, colours and finishes.
  • Free from fillers, synthetic oils, dyes and preservatives.
  • Made with the highest quality minerals
  • Pharmaceutical grade vitamins and antioxidants
  • Natural SPF in many of our products
  • Weightless, long-lasting coverage
  • Can be used immediately after facial treatments
  • Soothing and easy to apply
  • Water resistant.

Jane Iredale offers five different types of foundations to meet your desires. All of the mineral bases are four products in one – foundation, powder, concealer and sunscreen and are able to disguise any skin discolouration.

Why use mineral makeup?

Jane Iredale Mineral Makeup - Amazing BaseMineral makeup is designed as an every day makeup offering fast, weightless and water-resistant coverage for all skin tones (even the Jane Iredale Mineral Makeup - Liquid Mineralsmost sensitive or blemished complexions!) whilst promoting healthy skin. Mineral makeup contains concentrated pigments of titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, with natural iron oxide colouring, providing instant chemical-free protection against ageing UV Rays. Mineral makeup also have anti-inflammatory properties making it suitable for clients with acne and rosacea-prone skins and ideal to use directly after facials and particular skin treatments.

The Jane Iredale range is free from pore-clogging, drying fillers such as talc. Layers of overlapping mineral crystals prevent excessive moisture loss whilst allowing the skin to breathe. The natural ingredients in the Jane Iredale range are suitable for even the most allergy prone skin.

What mineral bases are available in the Jane Iredale range?

Amazing Base

  • A loose powder of micronized minerals
  • SPF 20
  • Long- lasting wear, with a dewy look.

PurePressed Base

  • SPF 20
  • Provides all the same benefits with the addition of protective antioxidants
  • Packaged in a neat, mirrored compact.
  • Slightly sheerer and more matte than the loose powders.

Liquid Minerals

  • Liquid foundation
  • Achieve a healthy, natural looking finish.

Dream Tint

  • Tinted moisturiser
  • Achieve a healthy, natural looking finish.

Glow Time Full Coverage BB Cream

  • BB Cream
  • Covers blemishes
  • Minimises pores
  • Disguises wrinkles
  • Smoothes & brightens skin
  • Protects from sun damage

Acne and Acne Scarring

Acne is a common skin condition that is often overlooked and under managed, in the belief that it is a temporary affliction that will resolve itself with time.  Whilst there is a small amount of truth in this, acne often remains problematic for years, and the pigmentation and scarring that sometimes occurs can last for a life time.

What is acne?

Acne is a disorder of the pilosebaceous unit.  This is essentially a structure that contains a hair shaft and a sebaceous gland, that makes sebum.  Sebum is a substance we need to lubricate and waterproof our skin.  It is currently thought that acne develops after a variety of processes that narrow or block this structure.  This causes a build up of sebum within the structure leading to some irregular lumps and bumps on the surface of the skin.  This is commonly known as comedonal acne.  The blocked glands can then become inflamed resulting in pustules. These can then progress to cause rupture of the structure with inflammation extending to surrounding tissue with resultant scarring and nodules.

What causes it?

The main causes are hormonal changes and a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes)  The hormonal changes are easily seen as androgen levels increase in puberty, resulting in an increased sebum production and an increase in acne lesions.  This can also be seen in who start or change their contraception.

The bacterial role is complex. P.acnes (the bacteria) is thought to increase the stickiness of some of the cells in the gland, resulting in blockage and comedone formation.  It is also thought to be responsible for secreting enzymes that contribute to comedone rupture and the tissue injuries that result in scarring and pigmentation.

How can we treat acne?

Topical treatments

The first line treatments are  usually skin preparations such as benzoyl peroxide.  Benzoyl peroxide is effective in reducing the bacteria, and also helps “unstick” the stuck cells in the blocked comedone and promote it’s recovery.  Antibiotics can also be used, either in creams applied to the skin or in tablet form.  Retinoid creams have a number of actions that help normalise the skin cells and are effective in the management of acne.


If initial treatment is not effective it is worthwhile adding phototherapy to the treatment regime.  LED phototherapy uses low energy light to stimulate a variety of cellular responses that can destroy the bacteria, as well as suppress inflammation and pigmentation.  LED phototherapy is very effective, particularly when combined with topical treatments.  It is currently recommended to have treatment blocks of 10 or more sessions, two or three days in-between sessions.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are solutions that are applied to the skin and allowed to soak through the epidermis for a set time, before being neutralised.  Some chemical peels such as Salicylic peels or Pyruvic peels have been shown to be particularly effective in the management of active acne, with reduction in the number and severity of lesions with a course of treatments.  6 treatments or more may be required with one or two weeks in-between treatments.

What about Scarring and Pigmentation?

The long term consequences of inflammatory acne can include pigmentation changes and facial scarring.  Both acne scars and pigmentation can be improved with skin resurfacing treatments such as dermaroller, chemical peels or laser resurfacing.  The treatments vary in term of the downtime required, the number of procedures required and the outcomes.  In general terms laser resurfacing is considered the gold standard treatment with fewer sessions required and better outcomes, however there may be up to a couple of weeks of recovery after each treatment.  Dermaroller also gets excellent results but will typically require more treatments.  There is less downtime with a dermaroller, often the skin is just a little red for a few days.  Chemical peels can get good results depending on the depth of the peel.  The deeper the better, up to a point, but deeper peels have longer downtime.  You need to discuss your options with your doctor and decide on what treatment works best for you, in terms of the outcome desired, the downtime tolerable and the number of sessions you can commit to.


We hope this short article answers some of your questions.  If there is anything you would like to know more about please contact us here and we will be happy to answer your enquiry.

Simon Ravichandran

Extreme Beauty Disasters

Nichola from Inverness developed a tanning habit in her youth that got worse and worse so that by the time she was in her thirties the skin on her face had become thickened, pigmented and unsightly.   Nichola was becoming increasingly self aware of her skin.  Her self consciousness was having a significant impact on her quality of life.  In desperation she contacted Extreme Beauty Disasters who put her in touch with Dr Sam Bunting, a London dermatologist.  Dr Bunting put her in touch with us at Clinetix and we created a treatment plan of skin care and laser and light treatments to rejuvenate her skin.  Click here to read more about her story.

You can see her transformation on the TLC channel, 8pm this Thursday 8th May

Clinetix Bothwell
20 Hamilton Road, G71 8NA
01698 854 221

Clinetix Glasgow West
169 Hyndland Road Glasgow, G12 9HT
0141 221 0229

Clinetix Glasgow City
6th Floor, 14 Mitchell Lane, G1 3NU
01698 852 093

Clinetix Grampian
First Floor, 1 High St, Inverurie AB51 3QA
01467 629 892